Elections: 8 Functions Of INEC You Need To Know

INEC Chairman, Prof. Mahmood Yakubu


Do you know that the role of Nigeria’s national electoral umpire, the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), goes beyond just organizing elections into various political offices in the country?

INEC summarizes its mission this way: “to serve as an independent and effective Electoral Management Body (EMB) committed to the conduct of free, fair and credible elections for sustainable democracy in Nigeria”.

Below are eight major functions of INEC as contained in Section 15, Part 1 of the Third Schedule of the 1999 Constitution (As Amended) and Section 2 of the Electoral Act 2010 (As Amended).

They paint a broader picture of the role INEC is to play.

1. Organise, undertake and supervise all elections to the offices of the President and Vice-President, the Governor and Deputy Governor of a State, and to the membership of the Senate, the House of Representatives and the House of Assembly of each state of the federation;

2. Register political parties in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution and Act of the National Assembly;

3. Monitor the organisation and operation of the political parties, including their finances; conventions, congresses, and party primaries.

4. Arrange for the annual examination and auditing of the funds and accounts of political parties, and publish a report on such examination and audit for public information;

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5. Arrange and conduct the registration of persons qualified to vote and prepare, maintain and revise the register of voters for the purpose of any election under this constitution;

6. Monitor political campaigns and provide rules and regulations which shall govern the political parties;

7. Conduct voter and civic education;

8. Promote knowledge of sound democratic election processes; and
Conduct any referendum required to be conducted pursuant to the provision of the 1999 Constitution or any other law or Act of the National Assembly.

The INEC is expected to carry out its functions independently and free from external influence.

INEC also expected to display openness and transparency in all its activities and in its relationship with all stakeholders.

Truthfulness and honesty are expected in all the dealings of the electoral umpire.

Also expected in the affairs of the INEC are credibility and impartiality.

With equity and excellence being part of its core values, the INEC is expected to deliver quality electoral services efficiently and effectively, guided by best international practice and standards.

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